The Cryptid Zoo: Yetis

The words "yeti" and "abominable snowman" are applied to several types of hairy humanoids similar to North America's Bigfoot, but these creatures are distinct from Bigfoot because they are reported from a different continent altogether.
This yeti picture is copyrighted by those who own the copyright to the book cover art for 'Monsters Caught on Film' by Dr. Melvyn Willin.
The Himalaya Mountains of Tibet and Nepal are the homeland of these legendary creatures. The two terms "yeti" and "abominable snowman" are sometimes applied to creatures from other remote areas of Asia as well.

Cryptozoologists and other serious researchers prefer the term "yeti" over "abominable snowman" because "yeti" sounds more scientific and because it is not based on a mistranslation of a native word, as "abominable snowman" is.

The most picky cryptozoologists refer to each individual type of yeti by its own native name, dzu-teh for the biggest, hulking giants who sometimes walk on all fours and seem half bear, half ape, meh-teh for the "classic" yeti that stands about six feet tall and has a pointed top of the head, and teh-lma for the three-foot-tall frog-eating yeti that makes its home in steamy jungle valleys between mountains (sometimes thought to be a juvenile yeti by researchers).

The teh-lma is the most human-like of the yetis and is thought to be a race of primitive humans by some researchers, compared to the proto-pygmies. It is also the most ignored of the yetis. Very little research has been focused on it recently, although several decades ago, when it was lumped in with the meh-teh more often than not, this little yeti was more in the spotlight.

The dzu-teh is thought by many researchers to be a bear. It has claws and carnivorous habits, in addition to its bear-like appearance.
The title monster from the 1977 TV film 'Snowbeast' which is a 'yeti' movie set in Colorado, even though the yeti is a creature of Asia. North America would be Bigfoot country instead of yeti country. Such confusion is common, especially in fiction. This screenshot is copyrighted by those who own the copyright to the film.
However, many cryptozoologists think that, if it is a bear, it must be a new species of bear, because the descriptions don't sound like any known species.

The meh-teh is the subject of the most research, and is the only variety of yeti that most people hear about these days. Whenever you've read about the yeti before, it is likely you were reading about the meh-teh, the classic yeti that sounds most similar to Bigfoot. It looks something like a cross between a gorilla and a man. It could not easily be mistaken for a bear.

Even though it has long, shaggy hair, it is actually supposed to be a valley-dweller, like all other varieties of yeti. The snow-capped peaks don't contain enough food for such a creature to live there, but it is said the meh-teh often has to go through high mountain passes to travel from one valley to another, where it becomes highly visible to human observers and sightings are most likely to take place. In its forested, remote valleys, it is supposed to be nearly impossible to locate, living in a remote territory much like the panda, which eluded researchers for sixty years after its discovery.

Even though the yeti (at least the meh-teh) is one of the best documented of the hairy humanoids, it is also one of the most disputed. Native folklore has heavily obscured whatever real animal or animals that might possibly exist behind the mythology.

According to legend, the yeti is a spiritual being, not an animal. It is sometimes worshipped, attributed with many supernatural powers, and is said to interbreed with humans.

In addition, some legends say that there is no actual breeding population of yetis. Instead, each yeti is actually the transmogrified quasi-solid ghost of a dead human.

Other local mythology states that the yetis are actually demons that have been assigned to guard mountains, so that humans do not ascend to the peaks and disturb the gods who live there. If this is true, then the yetis have failed miserably in their task to keep people from climbing Mt. Everest.

With western observers involved, the picture can get clouded too. The yeti has been shown to be confused with actual humans, bears and even suggestive-looking rocks on some occasions.

In popular culture, the picture gets even more confusing, with the label "yeti" being applied haphazrdly to any Bigfoot-like creature anywhere in the world, even though it should technically apply only to those creatures reported from Himalaya Mountains of Tibet and Nepal, or at the very least to those from Asia.

You can find out more about the Yeti from the following sources:

Brookesmith, Peter, ed. Creatures from Elsewhere. London, Chartwell Books, 1989. Pages 8-11

Clark, Jerome and Coleman, Loren. Cryptozoology A-Z. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999. Pages 23-24, 193-195, 224-226, 233-234

Clark, Jerome. Unexplained!. Detroit: Visible Ink Press, 1999. Pages 378-387, 599-600

Coleman, Jerry D. Strange Highways: A Guidebook to American Mysteries & the Unexplained. Alton, Illinois: Whitechapel Productions Press, 2003. Pages 9, 20

Coleman, Loren. The Field Guide to Bigfoot, Yeti and Other Mystery Primates Worldwide New York: Avon Books, 1999.

Coleman, Loren. Mysterious America: The Revised Edition. New York: Paraview Press, 2001. Page 221

Coleman, Loren. Tom Slick and the Search for the Yeti. Boston: Faber and Faber, 1989.

Cremo, Michael A. & Thompson, Richard L. Living Ape-Men: Yeti: Wildmen of the Himalayas

Gale, Thomson. The Real Manimal?

Hall, Jamie. Bigfoot & Pals

Hall, Mark A. The Yeti, Bigfoot & True Giants.

Innes, Brian. Giant Humanlike Beasts

Keel, John A. The Complete Guide to Mysterious Beings. New York: Doubleday, 1994. Pages 62-64, 66-75

Meldrum, D. Jeffrey. Evaluation of Alleged Sasquatch Footprints and their Inferred Functional Morphology

Meldrum, D. Jeffrey. Hominoid Bipedalism & Cryptozoology

Messner, Reinhold. My Quest for the Yeti: Confronting the Himalayas' Deepest Mystery.

Newton, Michael. Encyclopedia of Cryptozoology: A Global Guide to Hidden Animals and Their Pursuers. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2005. Pages 11-12, 14, 21, 36-38, 40, 62, 79, 92, 113, 138, 151, 172, 177, 195-196, 198, 213, 219, 226, 238, 282, 323, 328, 345, 355, 363-364, 366, 397, 403, 432, 438, 501-502, 507

Perez, Daniel Edward. Big Footnotes: A Comprehensive Bibliography Concerning Bigfoot, the Abominable Snowmen and Related Beings. Los Angeles: D. Perez Publishing, 1988.
Would you like your nonfiction book indexed
in The Cryptid Zoo? Ask if you can send a
review copy.

Rudley, Stephen. The Abominable Snowcreature.

Sanderson, Ivan T. Abominable Snowmen: Legend Come to Life. Philadelphia: Chilton, 1961.

Shackley, Myra. Still Living? Yeti, Sasquatch and the Neandertal Enigma. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1983.

Soule, Gardner. Trail of the Abominable Snowman. New York: Putnam, 1966.

Stonor, Charles. The Sherpa and the Snowman.

Tchernine, Odette. In Pursuit of the Abominable Snowman.

Weidensaul, Scott. The Ghost with Trembling Wings: Science, Wishful Thinking and the Search for Lost Species. New York: North Point Press, 2002. Pages 153, 173

Wikipedia, The. Yeti

Bulk organic herbs, spices and essential oils. Sin

Home | Creature Maps | Blog | Cryptozoology Organizations | Cryptozoology Links | Cryptozoology Books & Films | Link to Me | Monster Mania

The text on this page is copyright 2005-2010 by Jamie Hall. Please use proper citation if you are using this website for research. See this page's history on the Wayback Machine.